A Guide for the Beginners in Data Science

What is Data Science?

One simple and straightforward definition of data science would be the collection of insights from raw figures. This field has contributed immensely to research, business, and many aspects of everyday life. The numerous fields that the science deals with are engineering, scientific method, math and statistics, advanced computing, visualization, hacking, domain’s expertise, and infrastructure. The science can use both structured and unstructured data and apply the right insights from it across a wide range of applications. However, it is different from information or computer science. It uses modern techniques and innovative tools. It uses them to derive meaningful insights and help in the research field and businesses. The figures that are used for deriving pieces of information might be taken from various sources. They are also useful in detecting fraud by analyzing behaviors that are suspicious and attempt scams.

What is Included in this Field?

Data science involves a number of processes that include raw data, such as analyzing a large number of data, formulating a solution that raw data will drive, etc. Data science also heavily relies on artificial intelligence. It helps in making certain predictions with the help of algorithms and other machine learning techniques. In the second half of the 20th century, a scientist named Joh Tukey introduced a field called data analysis, known as data science in modern times. Some still use words like mining for the same. It helps by breaking down big raw figures into small and readable one for various companies of different sizes ranging from medium to small and for other business purposes. It employs various techniques such as logistic and linear regression, machine learning, clustering where all the data are taken together, a decision tree mainly used for classification and prediction, SVM known as Support Vector Machine, etc.

Why Should you Choose Data Science?

Data science enables you to do a lot of things. The courses use a wide range of algorithms to align the raw figures, explore various analyses on them, help in visualizing the collected insights using graphs and charts, and help find the optimum solution of a problem by finding its root. Even though data science demands a wide range of knowledge in a different field and people from different work experiences, there are four basic areas in which a data scientist must be proficient, such as with communication in the form of both verbal and written, business, and mathematics and computer science which may include software engineering or data engineering. The science also helps the industries such as airlines in planning routes, scheduling flights on time, and giving opinions on which class of planes to be purchased. These are directly related to affecting the decisions regarding different businesses and achieving goals directed towards businesses.

Source by Shalini M